Bloody Spring: Forty Days that Sealed the Confederacy's Fate

Bloody Spring: Forty Days that Sealed the Confederacy's Fate

Joseph Wheelan

For 40 an important days they fought a bloody fight. while it was once over, the Civil War's tide had turned.

In the spring of 1864, Virginia remained unbroken, its armies having repelled Northern armies for greater than years. Robert E. Lee's military of Northern Virginia had defeated the campaigns of 4 Union generals, and Lee's veterans have been convinced they can overwhelm the Union offensive this spring, too. yet their adversary in 1864 used to be a distinct type of Union commander—Ulysses S. supply. the hot Union general-in-chief had by no means misplaced an important conflict whereas best armies within the West. A quiet, rumpled guy of easy tastes and a bulldog's decision, provide may lead the military of the Potomac in its quest to ruin Lee's army.

During six weeks in may well and June 1864, Grant's military campaigned as no Union military ever had. in the course of approximately continuous strive against operations, the military of the Potomac battered its method via Virginia, skirting Richmond and crossing the James River on one of many longest pontoon bridges ever equipped. No crusade in North American heritage used to be as bloody because the Overland crusade. whilst it ended outdoors Petersburg, greater than 100,000 males were killed, wounded, or captured on battlefields within the barren region, close to Spotsylvania courtroom condominium, and at chilly Harbor. even if Grant's casualties have been approximately two times Lee's, the Union may perhaps exchange its losses. The Confederacy may perhaps not.

Lee's military persisted to struggle significant protecting battles, however it by no means fastened one other significant offensive. Grant's spring 1864 crusade had tipped the scales completely within the Union's desire. The war's denouement got here below a 12 months later with Lee's hand over at Appomattox court docket House.

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