Josie Underwood's Civil War Diary
A well-educated, outspoken member of a politically well-known relatives in Bowling eco-friendly, Kentucky, Josie Underwood (1840–1923) left at the back of one of many few intimate debts of the Civil struggle written via a southern girl sympathetic to the Union. This bright portrayal of the early years of the battle starts a number of months ahead of the 1st photographs have been fired on fortress Sumter in April 1861. "The Philistines are upon us," twenty-year-old Josie writes in her diary, leaving absolute confidence concerning the alarm she feels whilst accomplice squaddies occupy her once-peaceful city. supplying a distinct viewpoint at the tensions among the Union and the Confederacy, Josie unearths that Kentucky used to be a hotbed of political and army motion, rather in her place of origin of Bowling eco-friendly, often called the Gibraltar of the Confederacy. positioned alongside very important rail and water routes that have been important for delivery provides out and in of the Confederacy, town associated the higher South's alternate and inhabitants facilities and used to be strategically severe to either armies. shooting the fright and frustration she and her kin skilled whilst Bowling eco-friendly served because the accomplice army's headquarters within the fall of 1861, Josie tells of squaddies who trampled fields, pilfered vegetation, burned fences, slash bushes, stole nutrients, and invaded houses and companies. In early 1862, Josie's outspoken Unionist father, Warner Underwood, used to be ordered to evacuate the family's Mount Air property, which was once later destroyed by means of occupying forces. Wartime hardships additionally strained relationships between Josie's relations, friends, and acquaintances, whose passionate ideals approximately Lincoln, slavery, and Kentucky's secession divided them. released for the 1st time, Josie Underwood's Civil warfare Diary interweaves firsthand descriptions of the political unrest of the day with targeted money owed of an energetic social lifestyles jam-packed with commute, events, and suitors. Bringing to existence a Unionist, slave-owning younger girl who adversarial either Lincoln's regulations and Kentucky's secession, the diary dramatically chronicles the actual and emotional traumas visited on Josie's relatives, neighborhood, and nation in the course of wartime.
costume and veil trail—but the dance grew “fast and livid” and “Jim Crow” had his day or evening until 12 o’clock whilst Mr. Western had formerly instructed them the frolic needs to end—and now sister hopes to have peace and tranquility within the kitchen for a time.7 JAN. sixteenth— We have been all a great deal excited at the present time. whilst Mr. Western got here domestic at midday, he advised us the standard crowd have been in his workplace that morning and the inevitable speak on secession got here up with extra pleasure than usual—as a popular guy who.
Away—you can inform her it wasn’t Jimmie in any respect, yet I don’t see how anyone should be so suggest as that.” no one was once and Aunt Phillis talked of Jimmie’s stopover at to the day of her demise. many years in the past she and previous “Uncle” Nat Payne—who used to be as outdated and nearly as decrepid [sic] as Aunt Phillis—got married, a lot to the enjoyment of the opposite darkies—and Uncle Nat, after that, took up his home at Mount Air with Aunt Phillis. Pa and Mr. Payne had a few pleasantry approximately Mr. Payne making the fit because the top.
impact of any kind—but the bad outdated guy was once obviously in nice consternation—as to the implications of his secession speak after his acquaintances, the Rebels have been gone—so while the depot and structures have been burning—all in the course of the evening lets see him flitting round within the hearth mild with an quaint, lengthy barrel shotgun less than his arm—reversed—at path arms—I think it really is known as. Mike corridor acknowledged he desired to express his abject quit. He was once pathetically humorous. The bridges around the river.
Mattie’s domestic for a final moved quickly adieu—and then her flight. He hurriedly took her up in the back of him—boots and all—forgetting negative Charlie trudging on with the heavier load—so they galloped on until eventually five miles at the different facet of town—he stumbled on as a lot of his regiment as had controlled to party. They hollered, “Keep directly to Tennessee, Adjutant—now you’ve obtained her”—“Hurrah for the woman you’ve acquired in the back of you” and etc.—finally placing her down at a farm house—whilst he went on along with his.
141 Burnside, Ambrose, 221 Byron, Lord, ninety five Camp Boone (Tenn.), eleven, eighty four, ninety four, ninety six, ninety nine Carlyle, Thomas, 242n15 Carrington, Thomas, 32, 34, 38, fifty five in the course of accomplice career, 103, 104, 117, 136 letters of, 146 Cerro Gordo, conflict of, 225 Chamberlain, Mr., 24 Christmas vacations, 31–32, 133–35 Clay, Captain, 172 Clay, Henry, seventy one Claypole kinfolk, 121, 151–52 Conrad, Mr., 35 Constitutional Union celebration, 6, 211–12 prepare dinner, Mattie, 112, 118, 163–64 Coward, Mr., fifty five Cox, Robert, fifty nine, seventy two, 74,.